HTML5 – Geolocation API Demo and Example

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This article shows how HTML5 Geolocation API is very simple and easy to use. We have provided sample code and Demo below. To detect the location of a client in the past, one would typically have to inspect the client IP address and make a reasonable guess for user geographic location.

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However, as part of the HTML5 efforts, the W3C has developed a set of APIs to effectively allow the client-side browsers to retrieve geographic positioning information with JavaScript.

Code To Check Browser Support to Geolocation API:


            function getuserLocation() {
                if (navigator.geolocation) {
                    x.innerHTML="Geolocation API is supported by this browser.";
                    }
                else{
                    x.innerHTML="Geolocation API is not supported by this browser.";
                    }
             }
            

Code To Show User’s Location


            function showuserPosition(position) {
                x.innerHTML="Latitude: " + position.coords.latitude +
                            "Longitude: " + position.coords.longitude;
            }
            

Code To Display User Location in Map:


            function showPosition(position) {
                var latlon=position.coords.latitude+","+position.coords.longitude;
                var img_url="http://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/staticmap?center="
                +latlon+"&zoom=14&size=400x300&sensor=false";
                document.getElementById("mapholder").innerHTML="<img src='"+img_url+"'>";
            }
            

Putting All togather to display user’s location
Copy Paste this code to display user location in Map:

 


            <!DOCTYPE html>
            <html>
            <body>
            <p id="userdemo">Get User Location Demo:</p>
            <button onclick="getuserLocation()"> Test Location</button>
            <div id="mapholder"></div>
            <script>
                var x=document.getElementById("userdemo");
                function getuserLocation(){
                    if (navigator.geolocation) {
                        navigator.geolocation.getCurrentPosition(showuserPosition,showbrowserError);
                    }
                    else{
                        x.innerHTML="Geolocation is not supported by this browser.";
                    }
                }

                function showuserPosition(position) {
                    var latlon=position.coords.latitude+","+position.coords.longitude;
                    var img_url="http://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/staticmap?center="
                    +latlon+"&zoom=14&size=400x300&sensor=false";
                    document.getElementById("mapholder").innerHTML="<img src='"+img_url+"'>";
                }

                function showbrowserError(error){
                    switch(error.code)
                    {
                        case error.PERMISSION_DENIED:
                        x.innerHTML="User denied the request for Geolocation."
                        break;
                        case error.POSITION_UNAVAILABLE:
                        x.innerHTML="Location information is unavailable."
                        break;
                        case error.TIMEOUT:
                        x.innerHTML="The request to get user location timed out."
                        break;
                        case error.UNKNOWN_ERROR:
                        x.innerHTML="An unknown error occurred."
                        break;
                    }
                }
            </script>
            </script>
            </body>
            </html>
                

 

View demo page to test user location display in map:

view-demo-button

 

 

 

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